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合理利用能效管理平台规避能耗超限电价加价机制

2022年01月21日 16:33:15人气:232来源:江苏安科瑞电器制造有限公司

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 10月3日,浙江省发布《浙江省关于建立健全高耗能行业阶梯电价和单位产品超能耗限额标准惩罚性电价的实施意见(征求意见稿)》。意见明确了八大高耗能行业列入了阶梯电价加价范围,包括纺织、非金属矿物制品业、金属冶炼及压延加工业、化学原料及化学制品制造业、石油煤炭及其他燃料加工、造纸和纸制品、化学纤维制造、电力热力的生产和供应业,浙江本次将“数据中心”作为阶梯电价加价范畴。另外明确超限额电价档次和执行标准:
      On October 3, Zhejiang Province issued the " The Implementation Opinions to establish and improve the tiered electricity prices for high energy-consuming industries and punitive electricity price per unit product exceeding the energy consumption limit standard in Zhejiang. (Draft for comments)". The opinion cleared that eight major energy-intensive industries are included in the range of tiered electricity price increases,including textile industry, non-metallic mineral products industry, metal smelting and rolling processing industry,chemical raw materials and chemical products manufacturing, petroleum, coal and other fuel processing, paper and paper products, chemical fiber manufacturing, electricity and heat production and supply industry.Zhejiang uses "data center" as the range of the price increasing of tiered electricity. In addition, the over-limit electricity price grades and implementation standards are cleared:
 
(一)阶梯电价。用能企业超出年度基准能耗的,超出基准能耗的部分按等价值折算成电量,按照0~10%(含)、10%~20%(含)、20%以上三档执行阶梯电价。阶梯电价实行年度“即超即加”制度。对于企业连续两年内未整改或整改不到位的,加大阶梯电价加价幅度。
(1)Tiered electricity price. For key energy-using enterprises that exceed the annual benchmark energy consumption, the portion exceeding the benchmark energy consumption is converted into electricity at the equivalent value,and the tiered electricity price is implemented according to the three levels of 0-10% (inclusive), 10%-20% (inclusive), and 20% or more . The tiered electricity price implements an annual "excess and increase". For companies that didn’t rectify or the rectification is not in place during past two years,the price increasing of the tiered electricity will be more than others.
 
Grading increase standard of punitive electricity price
 
(二)惩罚性电价。对于单位产品用能超过能耗限额标准的,企业综合能耗按当量值折算成用电量,按照超过限额能耗标准0~5%(含)、5%~10%(含)、10%以上三档执行惩罚性电价加价。惩罚性电价实行“超过限额标准全电量加价”制度。
(2)Punitive electricity price. If the energy consumption per unit product exceeds the energy consumption limit standard, the comprehensive energy consumption of the enterprise is converted into electricity consumption according to the equivalent value. Implement punitive electricity price markups in accordance with the three levels of excess energy consumption standards: 0~5% (inclusive), 5%~10% (inclusive), and more than 10%.And the punitive electricity price implements the system of "exceeding the limit standard for all electricity increase"
Grading increase standard of punitive electricity price
 
      如果该意见实施,对很多高能耗企业将是生死攸关的大事。意见所列的高能耗行业大部分都是毛利率非常低的,以金属制品行业来分析,根据业内12家上市公司年报披露,2020年度行业营业总收入均值为112.06亿元,毛利率均值为18.67%,而这些企业成本很大一部分为用电成本,如果真的触发加价机制,那么很多企业可能会亏损。
      If this opinion is implemented, it will be a matter of life and death for many high-energy-consuming enterprises. Most of the high energy consumption industries listed in the opinion have very low gross profit margins. Based on the analysis of the metal products industry, according to the annual reports of 12 listed companies in the industry, the average of industry total operating income in 2020 was 11.206 billion,and the average of gross profit margin was 18.67 %,and a large part of the cost of these companies is the cost of electricity.If the price increase mechanism is really triggered, many companies may be in the red.
      那么被列入加价范围的高能耗企业如何应对高能耗阶梯电价以及惩罚加价措施呢?先看看阶梯电价是针对企业能耗总量的,超出部分按照超出比例执行阶梯电价,但是惩罚性电价是针对产品单耗超出能耗限额标准的,这就需要企业对总能耗和产品单耗以及能耗限额标准都要非常了解,另外还可以配置分布式光伏等新能源方案来降低对电网的需求避免触及加价。安科瑞能源管理平台可以帮助生产企业直观了解总能耗和产品单耗,并和限额标准进行对比,计算数据中心能效指标,避免加价惩罚。
      So for the high-energy-consuming enterprises that are included in the price increase range,how to response to high-energy-consumption tiered electricity prices and penalize price increases?At first,we should know that the tiered electricity price is in connection with the total energy consumption of the enterprise, the excess part is subject to the tiered electricity price in proportion to the excess. However, the punitive electricity price is for the product unit consumption exceeding the energy consumption limit standard.So it is necessary to understand the standards of energy consumption and energy consumption quotas. In addition, new energy solutions such as distributed photovoltaics can be configured to reduce the demand on the grid to avoid touching the price increase.Acrel energy management platform can help manufacturers to intuitively understand total energy consumption and product unit consumption, and compare them with quota standards, calculate data center energy efficiency indicators, and avoid price increase penalties.
  
1 企业能源管控平台
1 Enterprise energy management and control platform
      Acrel-7000企业能源管控平台适用于高能耗生产型企业,通过采集企业电、水、气、热、煤、新能源(光伏、储能)等各种能源数据,并计算车间、产线、工序、班组能耗以及产品单耗,并和能耗限额标准值进行对比,让管理者实时掌握能耗数据,发现落后产能,挖掘节能潜力,并预测企业未来生产能耗,对标碳达峰行业标准,降低企业总能耗和产品单耗,规避加价措施。
      The Acrel-7000 enterprise energy management and control platform is suitable for high energy consumption production enterprises. It collects various energy data such as electricity, water, gas, heat, coal, new energy (photovoltaic, energy storage), and so on, and calculates the energy consumption of workshops, production lines, and processes, teams and the unit consumption of product, and these can be compared with the standard value of energy consumption limit, allowing managers to grasp energy consumption datas in real time, find up the outdated production capacity, tap energy saving potential, and predict the future production energy consumption of enterprises, and benchmarking industry standards,reduce the company's total energy consumption and product unit consumption, and avoid price increase measures.
         
2 用能企业能耗数据监测
2  Energy consumption data monitoring of key energy-using enterprises
      安科瑞用能企业能耗在线监测系统Acrel-5010按照《关于进一步推动能用能单位能耗在线监测系统建设的通知》文件和《NHJC-2018 用能单位能耗在线监测系统》系列标准要求,为企业接入端系统提供解决方案,完成用能单位能耗数据的采集和上传,加强能源消费总量和强度“双控”形式分析和预测预警,推动完成“双控”目标任务。
      Acrel-5010, an online monitoring system for energy consumption of key energy-consuming enterprises, is in accordance with the series of standard requirements in " Notice on Further Promoting the Construction of Online Monitoring System for Energy Consumption of Key Energy Consumption Units " and "NHJC-2018 Online Monitoring System for Energy Consumption of Key Energy Use Units".which can provide solutions for enterprise access systems, complete the collection and upload of energy consumption data of key energy-consuming units, strengthen the analysis and forecast and early warning of the " double-carbon " form of total energy consumption and intensity, and promote the completion of " double-carbon”target.
  
  
3 数据中心能效管理系统
3 Data center energy efficiency management system
      数据中心也是能源密度比较大的行业,浙江本次将数据中心作为阶梯电价加价范畴也是合理的,不仅是浙江,北京、上海对数据中心建设和运营也提出了明确的PUE值要求,这对数据中心的建设方和运维单位提出了更高的要求,要求对数据中心的能效指标PUE值有非常精细的了解,Acrel-8000数据中心能效管理系统可以帮助运维单位建立能效管理体系,掌控数据中心运行情况和IT、空调等设备的能耗数据。
      Data center is also an industry with a relatively high energy density. It is reasonable for Zhejiang to use data centers as a stepped price increase category. Not only Zhejiang, but also Beijing and Shanghai have also put forward clear of PUE requirements for the construction and operation of data centers,which makes higher requirements to units of construction and operation and maintenance unit.It requires fine understanding for PUE value of energy efficiency index in data center,
      The Acrel-8000 data center energy efficiency management system can help the establish an energy efficiency management system for operation and maintenance units and control the operating condition of data center and the energy consumption data of IT, air-conditioning or other equipments.
  
  
4 总结
4 summary
      随着双碳目标的提出,各地方部门都在逐步出台碳达峰实施方案以及能耗双控等措施确保向目标逐步推进,高能耗企业如果不会合理运用能效系统,不重视生产能耗数据将难以保证正常生产,企业盈利能力也会受到较大限制。
      With the introduction of the double-carbon target, local departments are gradually introducing measures such as carbon peaking implementation plans and dual energy consumption control to ensure that they are gradually advancing toward the target. If high-energy-consuming enterprises can not use energy efficiency systems rationally and don’t pay attention to production energy consumption data,it will be difficult to guarantee regular production, and the profitability of units will also be limited largely. 


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