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关紧大门提高废物回收利用能力 2020年“洋垃圾”进口清零

2020-06-04 13:49:52来源:环保在线整理 阅读量:51593

导读:2020是禁止洋垃圾入境推进固体废物进口管理制度改革的收官之年。数据显示,截至到今年4月,我国洋垃圾进口总量为249万吨,同比减少47.3%。
  2020年6月2日,在生态环境部召开的5月例行发布会上,新闻发言人刘友宾表示,今年是禁止洋垃圾入境推进固体废物进口管理制度改革的收官之年,要确保到2020年年底基本实现固体废物零进口
 
  自2018年1月起,我国正式施行禁止“洋垃圾”入境新规,停止进口包括废塑料、未分类的废纸、废纺织原料等在内的4类24种“洋垃圾”。根据我国海关数据,2018年我国废塑料进口数量基本降为零,废金属及废纸进口量也呈现断崖式下滑;
 
  2019年逐步停止进口国内资源可代替的固体废物,并实施三次四批目录调整,已有56种固体废物调整为禁止进口,全国固体废物进口总量为1347.8万吨,同比减少40.4%;
 
  截至今年4月底,全国固体废物进口总量为249万吨,同比减少47.3%。
 
  “洋垃圾”进口量正逐年降低。
 
  当初为什么要从国外进口固废废物呢?
 
  资料显示,这要追溯到上世纪80年代,当时国内固体废物分类不到位,品质得不到保障,为为缓解工业原料不足,促进制造业的不断增长,并发展完整的垃圾处理和回收行业,我国开始通过“洋垃圾”来缓解这一困境。
 
  有数据表明,1995年至2016年间,中国每年进口的垃圾量从450万吨猛增至超过4800万吨。
 
  但这种做法终究只能缓解一时,如果不提高自身的固废废物回收利用水平,就会让我们成为国外的“大型垃圾处理场”。意识到这一点,我国开始禁止“洋垃圾”入境,同时也不断提升国内固体废物回收利用水平。
 
  对于这一点,多位行业专家表示赞同,纷纷认为洋垃圾止步国门,可倒逼国内固废的企业加快转型升级步伐,更多考虑如何实现绿色、低碳、循环、可持续发展。中国人民大学环境学院教授、环境政策与环境规划研究所所长宋国君也指出,中国禁止洋垃圾入境,意味着固废出口国要付出更高的环保成本和回收利用成本,对中国环境改善大有裨益。
 
  在前两年精致“洋垃圾”入境成果的基础上,2019年海关总署持续开展三轮打击整治洋垃圾走私“蓝天2019”专项行动,坚决将洋垃圾拒于国门之外。
 
  2020年,4月29日,十三届全国人大常委会第十七次会议审议通过了修订后的固体废物污染环境防治法,此次明确将逐步实现“洋垃圾”零进口写入法律,相关部门也给出了工作时间表。
 
  其中提到“禁止中华人民共和国境外的固体废物进境倾倒、堆放、处置”“国家逐步实现固体废物零进口,由国务院生态环境主管部门会同国务院商务、发展改革、海关等主管部门组织实施”。同时加强了管控手段,确定将境外固体废物输入境内的,由海关责令退运该固体废物,处50万元以上500万元以下的罚款。承运人与进口者承担连带责任。
 
  对于下一步的安排,刘友宾在会议中也进行了说明,即生态环境部将继续会同有关部门和地区坚定不移抓好禁止洋垃圾进口这一生态文明建设标志性举措,扎实推进各项改革任务,确保圆满完成改革的各项目标任务。

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