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全国碳市场百问百答|发电厂应急柴油发电机组用油,需要算入发电机组温室气体的排放量中吗?

2023-01-21 11:30:43来源:生态环境部 阅读量:9384

导读:发电厂应急柴油发电机组用油,需要算入发电机组温室气体的排放量中吗?企业新上燃气发电机组,是否需要进行碳排放核算及履约?某燃煤发电企业没有实测燃煤的基低位发热量,请问这种情况下燃煤的低位发热量该怎么取值?
  日前,《全国碳排放权交易市场第一个履约周期报告》发布。总体来看,经过第一个履约周期建设运行,全国碳市场运行框架基本建立。其间,为做好全国碳排放权交易市场运行保障工作,生态环境部搭建了全国碳市场帮助平台并建立了“保障员一联络员”国家与地方沟通协调工作机制,组织国家和地方专家团队持续开展全国碳市场问答咨询服务,及时解答全国碳市场各级地方主管部门、重点排放单位、第三方技术服务机构等相关参与方遇到的政策和技术问题。都有哪些内容?一起来看看吧——
 
  问:发电厂应急柴油发电机用油,需要算入发电机组温室气体的排放量中吗?
 
  答:按照当年适用的《企业温室气体排放核算方法与报告指南 发电设施》或修订版本要求,企业化石燃料燃烧产生的二氧化碳排放不包括应急柴油发电机组消耗化石燃料产生的排放。
 
  问:企业新上燃气发电机组,是否需要进行碳排放核算及履约?
 
  答:若新增设施是以天然气为主燃料的发电机组,则符合《全国碳排放权交易配额总量设定及配额分配实施方案(发电行业)》中提出的重点排放单位纳入条件,在正式投产后需要进行碳排放核算、报告,通常在第二年纳入全国碳市场配额管理重点排放单位名录后再参加履约。
 
  问:某燃煤发电企业没有实测燃煤的基低位发热量,请问这种情况下燃煤的低位发热量该怎么取值?
 
  答:按照当年适用的《企业温室气体排放核算方法与报告指南 发电设施》或修订版本要求,当企业某日或某批次燃煤收到基低位发热量无实测时,或测定方法均不符合指南中要求时,该日或该批次的燃煤收到基低位发热量应不区分煤种,取26.7GJ/t。
 
  问:某燃煤发电企业自有实验室无法按GB 476对煤中元素碳含量进行检定,采用其他国际标准或电力行业标准进行检定出具的煤质分析报告,是否可以作为煤中元素碳含量的基础数据进行使用?
 
  答:企业应依据当年适用的《企业温室气体排放核算方法与报告指南 发电设施》或修订版本要求,《煤的元素分析》(GB/T 31391)、《煤中碳和氢的测定方法》(GB/T 476)、《煤中碳氢氮的测定 仪器法》(GB/T 30733)和《燃料元素的快速分析方法》(DL/T 568)均可以作为元素碳含量的测定标准。
 
  供稿|生态环境部应对气候变化司
 
  原标题:全国碳市场百问百答④ |  发电厂应急柴油发电机组用油,需要算入发电机组温室气体的排放量中吗?

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